If you want to visit Zajecar, it is one of biggest cities of east Serbia. And also, it is place of great traditional rock festival, for years now, and Zaječar’s Brewery. This famous rock music festival is called Zaječar guitar festival. Near it there are also Grliško lake, Rgotsko lake and Sovinac (Sovinac lake). All three are artificial lakes.
City of Zaječar tourism
One spa is on territory of this municipality, Gamzigradska spa. Except thermomineral well in that spa, the is one more near Zaječar in Nikoličevo vilage, but it’s not tourist attraction. From the city of Niš Zaječar is 96km away. From capital Belgrade it’s 244km away. Distance from Bulgraian border is 10km.
In Zajecar there are two rivers, Crni (Black) and Beli (White) Timok. They are forming one river called Veliki (Big) Timok. There is also a beach on the riverside of Timok that is very useful during hot days. In Zaječar you can see Radul beg house.
The first written traces of this object are from 18th century (1784). And today it’s part of local tourist offer as a museum. From 1955. it is protected by the state. Exact time of building of this object is unknown. It is presumed that it dates from period of building rest houses for Turkish travelers in Ottoman empire.
History of Zajecar
It is very important city through history. Three Roman Emperors are born here. Galerius (293–311), Maximinus (305–312) and Licinius (308–324). Complex of today’s Gamzigrad- Felix Romuliana at the outskirts of Zaječar is foundation of Emperor Caius Valerius Galerius Maximianus.
Dated in the late 3rd and early 4th century. Felix Romuliana was it’s name. Named after the Emperor’s mother Romula. Slavs conquered it in 7 century. Tribes living all around called Timočani, was under ruling of Bulgaria, Serbia and Hungary.
After that period came Ottoman era, in 15th century. Until liberation in 19th century it was in their hands. But with some short periods of repeated Serbian rule.
More about Felix Romuliana
First written traces date from 1466. in Ottoman writings. This area was conquered many times, by Romans, by Slavs, by Ottomans, by Serbian people again and again during it’s history. Slavs entered the region during the 7th century.
And also the tribe living in the area was called Timočani. Area of Zaječar was, during the Middle Ages, contested between Bulgaria, Hungary and Serbia. And it finally fell under Ottoman rule during the first half of the 15th century.
Zaječar and around
Surrounding city of Zajcar, you can find some interesting attractions that you could visit if get a chance. One of tourist attraction of Zajecar and also this part of Serbia is hill Kraljevica.
In same time it is also memorial park. And also one of favorite picnic places also. In here are located trim and ski path and Eko club sport terrain. This is location of monument to hero of Timok uprising Ljuba Didic.
Walking around can take you to ruins of fortress from First world war, Romain stairs, monument to fallen in Second world war etc. Kraljivica hil near Zajecar is also the location where many events are taking place.
Like Zajecarska gitarijada music festival. Ski run is from 2007 and 650 meters long. Except Kraljevica hill, around Zajecar, you could see Felix Romuliana, Hydro power plant from 1909. Also monastery Suvodol and Grliste, and Holy Godmother church from 1834.
Monastery Suvodol is located in same name village, near city of Zaječar. It’s near three mountain tops Janošnica (992 meters of altitude), Treska (1025 meters) i Vetren (500 meters of altitude). It is also presumed that it was built in 11th century. And also it was rebuilt in 14th and again in 17th century.
Today, in village Suvodol it is woman monastery. Icons in this monastery are from 19th century. Legend of Suvodol monastery is the in foundation of it are remains of Saint Panteleimon.
Monastery of Peter and Paul in Grlište near Zaječar
This monastery is built in 14th century. This monastery dedicated to Saint Apostles Peter and Paul is located on about 15 kilometers away from Zaječar. Near is also Grliško lake. And also, in monastery itself was only school in vicinity in 19th century.
Turkish mill in Zaječar
Today it is ethno restaurant in Zaječar, and in past it was one of rare mills of this area. It is unknown when it was exactly built, but it is mentioned in writings of 19th century (1838). Because of progress this way of making flower it’s not being used any more here.
But today, it is museum object. In middle of 20th century it is protected by state of Serbia. It was reconstructed in 1977, and became an restaurant. Restaurant is closed at the moment.
Weather in City of Zaječar
If you are concerned about the weather in city of Zaječar, don’t be. Because, You can see on the graph that is great and sunny during most of the year, and not so cold during winter days. So if you were thinking to go to rock festival in zaječar called Zaječarska gitarijada just go for it, and have fun!
In conclusion, Zaječar today is modern east Serbia city, with very rich history, from Roman era, and very rich modern Serbia history. In this region, southern and eastern Serbia, there are other great cities that you should visit. Nis, Leskovac, Prokuplje, Pirot, Vranje are the biggest ones.
Top image is town center, photo by Cuttingedgephotos BY-SA 3.0 ; Bottom Image Gamzigrad-Romuliana, Palace of Galerius, UNESCO world heritage site photo by AlxadjCC BY-SA 3.0