If you want to visit Zajecar, it is one of biggest cities of east Serbia. It is place of great traditional rock festival, for years now, and Zaječar’s Brewery. This famous rock music festival is called Zaječarska gitarijada. Near it there is Grliško lake, Sovinac and Sovinac. All three are artificial lakes. One spa is on territory of this municipality, Gamzigradska spa. Except thermomineral well in that spa, the is one more near Zaječar in Nikoličevo, but it’s not tourist attraction.
History of Zajecar
It is very important city through history. Three Roman Emperors are born here. Galerius (293–311), Maximinus (305–312) and Licinius (308–324). Complex of today’s Gamzigrad- Felix Romuliana at the outskirts of Zaječar is foundation of Emperor Caius Valerius Galerius Maximianus. Dated in the late 3rd and early 4th century. Felix Romuliana was it’s name. Named after the Emperor’s mother Romula.
Slavs conquered it in 7 century. Tribes living all around called Timočani, was under ruling of Bulgaria, Serbia and Hungary. After that period came Otoman era, in 15th century. Until liberation in 19th century it was in their hands. But with some short periods of repeated Serbian rule.
First written traces date from 1466. in Ottoman writings. This area was conquered many times, by Romans, by Slavs, by Ottomans, by Serbian people again and again during it’s history. Slavs entered the region during the 7th century. And the tribe living in the area was called Timočani. Area of Zaječar was, during the Middle Ages, contested between Bulgaria, Hungary and Serbia. And it finally fell under Ottoman rule during the first half of the 15th century.
In conclusion, Zaječar today is modern east Serbia city, with very rich history, from Roman era, and very rich modern Serbia history.
Bottom Image Gamzigrad-Romuliana, Palace of Galerius, UNESCO world heritage site photo by AlxadjCC BY-SA 3.0