Town Pirot Serbia
Pirot is southeastern Serbia town near border with Bulgaria. Turres settlement from 3rd century of Roman era is ancient Pirot. It dates before ancient Slavs, who named it after the word Pirgos, and in other history times it had many different names. The mountains are surrounding the city and has rivers running through it. Three lakes Zavoj, Krupac and Sukovo in vicinity. It become part of Serbia in 12th century.
History of Pirot
First mention of Pirot are from 3rd century. They talk about this location and it’s town of that time named Mutacio Turess. It was fortress and town near ancient roman road Via Militaris. Much after, in 13th century, this place got it’s name Pirgos, that led to todays’s name Pirot.
What to see in city of Pirot
On of most important things to see here is Pirot’s fortress, of Momčilo’s fortress. The city of Momčilo or Kale is the Medieval local fortress.The remains of a Roman Turres will soon be preserved and partially restored and thus available to the general public. Furthermore, early Christian basilica comes from the 5th century. With Byzantine fortifications of old Pirot, together make a unique archaeological complex.
All around is great nature. Must see are Stara mountain as one of natures pearls in Europe, resort Temac on Temšica river, Poganovo and Sukovo and monastery’s, Zavojsko, Sukovo i Krupac lake and Rsovci cave church. It it located about 22km from Pirot.
Before newer time they were great at pottery craftsman.
Pirot rug or in Serbian “Pirotski Ćilim” is another craft product which is characteristic for local craftsman. They are making in specific and world known product. It is specific because it is handcrafted to two identical faces, and that makes it unique in the world. It can be produced in all shapes and sizes, with different ornaments or stripes. The Pirot rug was often received as a valuable gift either in private or political contacts.
Sarlah hill near urban Pirot and Stara mountain
Sarlah hill is location is very near downtown of city of Pirot. Also to Stara mountain. Many legends from this part of Serbia are about this hill. Mostly legends about buried treasure. That notorious treasure is buried in caves in Sarlah location. You can visit those caves and try to find it yourself. You should always have professional guides, or you are going at your own risk. Except that few more discoveries from that time are found. Fortress, basilica, coins and ceramic pots from 4th century are found too. Sarlah is considered that is area of antique suburb of Pirot. All this exhumation are showing that ancient Pirot (Turres) had much more importance in ancient times. In Sarlah hill was one part of ancient Via Millitaris road.
Crafting in Pirot
The making of jewelry by local people is based on the traditional medieval influence lasting till today. Great craftsman are producing it through centuries. Decoration used on kerchiefs and scarfs are large pins. Local ethno food is famous for are kačkavalj and peglana sausage. This symbols of South Serbia and especially Pirot’s county is art made by people of “Stara Planina” mountain from 17th century till today.
Finally it is green or healthy food. Local people are making Kačkavalj or cheese form Pirot from sheep or cow milk or mix of both. Flattened or Peglana in Serbian language is the type of sausage. That using only the finest meat mixed with spices and chevon, lamb and veal. And all types of meat generally considered to contain less fat. Flattened sausage is organic, green food too.
Museum in Pirot, or Ponišavlje museum, is located in ancient house built in 1848. House was originally owned by Hrista Jovanović, important local trader. The building itself is old fashioned house, that were normal in that time. It was family home before it was transformed to museum. From 1958. it is protected by state of Serbia and from 1979. it is monument of exceptional importance. You can visit this museum on location in Pirot on adress Nikole Pašića 49. Contact telephone is 38110-313850 / 38110-2100850. Working hours are from 8 to 15 hours during working days. Saturdays as opened during 9 to 14:30. Sundays are visiting days only for scheduled visits.