Niš

Nis, cenatar, Trg Kralja Milana, the horseman

The city of Niš

Nis (Grad Niš or City of Niš) is one of the oldest cities in Europe and it represents gateway between  East and a West.

Findings are there till this day from so early period of Neolithic and Bronze age. Then were even found houses in site.  The city is locates in southeast of Serbia, and can be reached by road or plane, so enjoy it soon.

by Intermedichbo CC BY-SA 3.0

Ancient Naissus (Today Grad Niš or City of Niš), the city of Roman culture, was first built in 1BC as a stronghold, and soon become big and important municipium with self governing rights. The city is birthplace of famous military commander and later emperor Flavius Valerius Constantinus. He is today known better  as Constantine the Great. He is the ruler who recognized Christianity and defender of it.

Mediana was built during his ruling . It is luxurious part of antique City of Naissus (Grad Niš or City of Niš). Today it is very important world acrheological site. See it to believe it.

The Hun’s conquered Niš in 441. and Byzantines in 6th century. Emperor Justinian built a fortress, which is still here today.

Slavic tribes conquered the city in 7th century, and that counts as the beginning of the medieval time here.

Next important period in this territory is with ruler Grand Prince Stefan Nemanja, and that was the time when Niš became part of great Serbian state territory. There is still here church, St. Panteleimon, from that time where was the meeting inCity of Niš (ancient Naissus) between German Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa  and Serbian Grand Prince Stefan Nemanja.

church, monastery, Fridrih Barbarosa, Stevan Nemanja, crusaders

Monuments of Niš

The Ottoman ruling was from 1386. till 1878. From that period there a lot of monuments. Scull tower, monument on Čegar, lot’s of monuments in fortress.

monument, scull tower, house of sculls, history

Scull tower

Hill Čegar is important monument because that was the place of famous battle in First Serbian Uprising. Stevan Sindjelić, one of Serbian dukes, and his army were overwhelmed with Turkish army, so he decided to shoot to gun powder magazine and finish the battle.

hill, monument, Otoman battle, Stevan Sindjelic

History of Nis

And also, in new age history, role of the city of Niš (Grad Niš or City of Niš) is very important. In 1914. there was an assembly which announced united country of Serbs, Croats and South Sloven’s. Nis (Grad Niš or City of Niš) is birthplace of Yugoslavia.

In 1918. the city was occupied by invading army’s. Between two world wars in this city was regional territory district. Near Niš (Grad Niš or City of Niš) you can see once very important fortress Kurvingrad, Koprijan or Korvingrad.

This city, the third biggest on the map of Serbia, was heavily bombarded during WW2. It has, as always, strategic position on the road to Greece and Black Sea. Citizens of this territory were repressed by invading German forces. There is still Concentration Camp Nis and Bubanj memorial site. This camp is important because it is first organised escape out of Nazi camp in Europe. The city was liberated in 1944. after destroying Nazi Prinz Eugen division.

About Niš today, you can read more here: Modern Niš   and Nightlife in the city of Niš

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