Name Knjaževac dates form 1859. And town got it after Knjaz Miloš Obrenović, Serbian ruler. Before that Otoman rulers called it Gurgusovac. River Timok runs true it. Distance from Niš is about 60km, from Zaječar 40. It is in Zaječar county, in east Serbia.
History of Knjaževac
First traces of settlement on this territory can be found from prehistoric times in cave drawings. Original name of this area was Tim aqua (Black water). First written traces were in second century when ancient chronicler was writing about it as part of Roman Mezia district. In that time there was a fortress in this area with same name as city in that time Timacum Minus. In 4th century maps town of Knaževac was named Timaco Maiori.
At the end of 14th century (1389) Ottomans conquered this area, and this city too.
Knjazevac and around
Around the town Knjazevac are mountains Tupižnica, Tresibaba and Stara mountain. This municipality is 4th large in Serbia with it’s territory, but the town is not so big. It has around thirty thousand inhabitants. Three rivers run through Knjazevac town. Also you can see some things interesting here. One of them is village Stogazovac. That village is interesting because on its territory you can find rock formations called Serbian Meteora. by local people. It is in Ždrelo gorge.
You can find one more rock figures “museum” named Skrobnica. Time of their creation is unknown.
Rgoška spa and some prehysotric settlements is on territory around Knaževac. One more, important point to see is Stara mountain. Can be experienced as ski and winter and rural tourism center. Highest peak is Midžor (2169m) which is highest peak of south and east Serbia, and one of highest in Balkans. It is very rich in flora, and many hikers and mountaineers are experiencing it very often.
photo bySawaCC BY-SA 3.0