Name Knjazevac dates form 1859. And town got it after Prince Miloš Obrenović, Serbian ruler. Before that Ottoman rulers called it Gurgusovac. River Timok runs true it. Distance from Niš is about 60km, from Zaječar 40km. It is in Zaječar county, in eastern Serbia.
History of Knjazevac
First traces of settlement on this territory can be found from prehistoric times in cave drawings. Original name of this area was Tim aqua (Black water). First written traces were in second century when ancient chronicler was writing about it as part of Roman Mezia district. In that time there was a fortress in this area with same name as city in that time Timacum Minus. In 4th century maps town of Knaževac was named Timaco Maiori.
At the end of 14th century (1389) Ottomans conquered this area, and this city too.
Knjazevac and around
Around the town Knjazevac are mountains Tupižnica(1165 altitude), Tresibaba (787altitude) i Stara planina (2376altitude). This municipality is 4th large in Serbia with it’s territory, but the town is not so big. It has around thirty thousand inhabitants. Three rivers run through Knjazevac town, and the is one of the reasons for it’s nickname Little Venice. Three rivers are Svrljig and Trgovište Timok and the third is formed from this two White Timok. Part of Knjazevac are coneccted with seven bridges. Most famous of them is Stone bridge built in 1913. which was in that time longest stone bridge in Serbia.
Original look of the town can be seen in part called Stara čaršija ( Old town), by the river. Tourist attracition that can be seen here are Gurgusovac tower, Museum of Aca Stojanovic, St. George church, Dzervin tower. Next to Knjaževac is Vinary Dzervin, with long tradition and great vines. One of villages of Knjazeva, i svillage Stogazovac. It is famous that here is located rock formation called Serbian Metheora, similar to one in Greece. Here is Ždrelo gorge. And also ruins of Roman, Byzantine fortress Timacum Minus is near by. Museum of stone figures in Skrobnica is located also near Knjazevac.
Tourist attraction near Knjazevac
Rgoska spa is medical treatment location known even in Roman, Byzantine time. For it’s characteristics here is training ground for professional swimmers in winter time. As spa center Rogiska spa is specialised of breathing organs and spine problems, nerves diseases, rheumatism. Baranica, public river bath spot is located about 5km form Knjazevac town. It is favorite location of locals in summer days. It is on Trgoviski Timog river. Nera by is Stara (Old) mountain 2169 meters of altitude, favorite in winter period. Highest top in southern nad eastern Serbia is located on the mountain. And also it’s one of highest in the Blakans. One of favorite for hikers and skiers.
Photo by SawaCC BY-SA 3.0