Fortress in city of Niš Serbia
Niš fortress is one of main attractions in the city of Niš. Today’s dilemma is are the origins of it from Roman or Ottoman era.
History of Niš fortress
This fortress is mentioned in writings from first century. Once very important defense object in time of Roman Empire, is still in good shape. Because Ottomans rebuilt it in their time and put it in today’s shape in 1723. After that, it got throughout centuries and many wars. Except Romans, it’s owners were Byzantines, Slavs, Bulgarians, Austrians, Ottomans and also Serbians. It was damaged lots of times during all this time. And also, it was restored and changed shape in time. First of all in Roman time it was square. Finally today it’s polygon base building.
With research of fortress in city of Niš one thing can be concluded. Life of this fortress in Serbian city of Niš lasts few centuries. It is continuous from Roman era till today. And it’s proved every day with monuments and objects that are found here.
Location of Niš fortress is in central part of the city, in Djuke Dinić street. It is near other important monuments in the city of Niš. It can be seen from the main city area and also from the street. It’s pretty much reachable. When you are going from the main bus station you are passing by it. From 12. february concentration camp is 15 minutes by foot. And also from Banovina building is one minute. From Early Christian tomb in Jagodin mala is 10 minutes by walk. Entrance is free to Niš fortress. This is monument of great importance and as such is protected by State of Serbia. Surface of the fortress is 22 hectares. Walls are tall about 8 meters. And also there are passages through them to trenches outside.
Today’s fortress of Niš Serbia
From the creation or this fortress here was center of social life. Hence, today it’s the same. Here is favorite place of social life of people in time from spring till fall. First of all, here are held music festivals Nisomnia, Nisville and Choir festival. And also concerts in amphitheater, film festival and even more events. In fortress are also located clubs and cafes. For the reason that it’s especially interesting during the summer. It is recommended to visit it in that period. Further more, you can experience walking on the platform above Stambol gate, and enjoy the sight of the city of Niš from there.
Gates of Niš fortress
Niš fortress had four entrances. They are Stambol gate, Belgrade gate, Vidin gate and Jagodina gate ( Water gate). There is also small gate used for going into trenches. So, you could say there were five of them. They all can be seen today. Because Belgrade gate is hidden, with a little effort it will be available. This gate can be seen from inside of the fortress also. As the rest of the gates can. They don’t look similarly one to another. To many people most beautiful is Belgrade gate, on the photo. Water gate is named like that because in need water from Nišava river was used to fill the trenches. As a result of that, this fortress was hard to conquer.
Ancient Roman street and Early Christian tomb in Niš fortess
In central area of the Nis fortress Serbia is part where are located. Furthermore, next to it is entrance to fifth Early Christian tomb in city of Niš. Other four can be seen on our post about Early Christian tombs in city of Niš. And also, this basilica is similarly to other four basilicas in the city Nis.
Prince Milan’s monumnet in Niš fortess
This is first monument built in modern liberated city of Niš. It dates back form 1902. The monument is made in shape of bullet. Because it symbolize battle and liberation of Niš.
Palace with octagon in fortress of Niš
It’s located on the opposite side of Stambol gate. Furthermore, today is protected by Republic of Serbia. Further more archeological excavation and preservation is done. First of all, for this ancient villa some sources presume that it was house of Constantine the Great, instead the Mediana location. In some past times here were much larger object. But today, it is part of much bigger location yet to be explored. Probably are still.
Hamam, Turkish bath in fortress in city of Niš
It is oldest preserved monument of Ottoman ruling in city of Niš. It is located on the left side by the Stambol gate entrance. The Hamam bath is built in 1498. by decree of Mehmed Bey, ruler of that time. To this bath water was supplied from near by Nišava river. Recently here was kafana but is also closed today.
Former Armory in fortress in city of Niš
When you come in our fortress on Stambol gate you will encounter building that is gallery, conference room and souvenir shop. For the reason that was restored in 1972. This building was in armory in Ottoman era. This building was built in 1857.This was warehouse for weapons. As a result of that, it is large building. You have big souvenir shop to buy national and ethno objects. Due to that you can buy different kinds of cups, magnets, postcards and more. In other parts of the building there is conference room for events. And also gallery.
Bali Bey mosque in fortress in city of Niš
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This object is located in central part of the fortress. Straight from the Stambol gate. It’s built in 1521. Today in this object is gallery. on the side of the building can be seen ruins today. They are of library of that time.
To sum up,Under are, all Nis fortress gates:
01. Stambol gate
02. Belgrade gate
03. Vidin gate
04. Jagodina gate
05. and also small, trench gate.
Finally, in fortress itself can be seen:
01. Hamam, Turkish bath from 15th century
02. Bali Bey mosque, today gallery
03. Objects in line on the entrance that was aromory, today souvenir shop
04. Gunpowder rooms built from 1720
05. History archive building built from 1890.
06. Paša’s house, today Mediana company offices
07. Old Prison building
08. Lapidarium, monuments from ancient Roman time
09. Amphitheater from 1959
10. Octagon palace from ancient Roman time
11. Sports fields “Rovče”
12. Ancient Early Christian tomb location
13. Monument to Milan Obrenović and liberators of the city, the Prince of Serbia and liberator of the city in 1877.
14. Monument to executed Toplica uprising fighters and organizers in 1917.
15. Weather company offices
17. Roman time street
18. Ancient Roman bath,
19. and also Mountaineers club
More about fortress and other Niš Serbia attractions
To sum up, Nis fortress in Niš Serbia and all Serbia nad Balkan must see monument. And also, it should be on even on Europe’s travel map. It is very important history monument that should be seen during Serbia travel and also Niš sightseeing. To see this fortress and other Serbia must see attractions in city of Niš visit Must see monuments in Niš. To come to Niš and to visit them all you can see How to come to Niš Serbia.
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